In this project, researchers undertake extensive case study analysis examining a range of peacebuilding interventions in Africa, the policies that shape these responses as well as the role and impact of a range of actors. There is consensus among analysts and practitioners alike that we need to know more about what works and what does not work on the ground. By dedicating attention to the study of policy environments as well as theatres of operation, this research seeks to document lessons of experience in current peacebuilding interventions in Africa. This includes a range of contexts in which there are structured responses as well as less structured responses to armed conflicts involving state and non-state actors. We will transfer lessons from on-going research at the ALC on peace- and state building as well as from the Mapping Study of Peacebuilding and Security in Africa. The knowledge gained from Leading Peacebuilders’ reflections as well as from research by mid-to senior level policy practitioners Fellowships at the ALC (described under Research Uptake) also offer valuable insights to this project.